Researchers from Spain's ICN2 institute have performed numerical simulations for spin relaxation in graphene/TMDC heterostructures, and found that these structure feature a spin lifetime anisotropy that is orders of magnitude larger than anything observed in 2D materials - and in fact these results point to a qualitatively new regime of spin relaxation.

Graphene on TMDC image (ICN2)

Spin relaxation lifetime means that time it takes for the spin of electrons in a spin current to lose their spin (return to the natural random disordered state). A long lifetime is very important for spintronics devices. This new study reveals that the rate at which spins relax in graphene/TMDC systems depends strongly on whether they are pointing in or out of the graphene plane, with out-of-plane spins lasting tens or hundreds of times longer than in-plane spins.

TMDC materials, or transition metal dichalcogenides, are 2D semiconductors such as MoS2, Ws2, etc.