Researchers from Spain's ICN2 institute have used numerical simulations to show that spin diffusion length in graphene is independent of grain size. The researchers base their calculations on CVD grown graphene. CVD methods produces high quality materials that are built from several single-crystal sheets separated from one another through grain boundaries.
The research have shown that the grain boundaries do not have any effect on the spin transport. The researchers considered two different mechanisms for spin relaxation - randomization of spins within the grains due to spin-orbit coupling, and scattering in a grain boundary. The main implication of this research is that single-domain graphene may not be a requirement for spintronics applications.