Researchers from China's Fudan University say that graphene nanoribbons could potentially be used to create spin valves. They present a theoretic spin valve design that uses two hexagonal graphene "nanoislands" with zig-zag edges, which serve as the magnetic layers in the spin valve, connected by an armchair-type nanoribbon as the non-magnetic layer, through which the electrons can pass depending on the relative alignment of the spins in the nanoislands.

Graphene spin valve image

They calcualte that this design enables stable spin configurations at certain energies, and there will be stable configurations in which the islands are polarized either parallel or antiparallel with respect to each other — a necessary requirement for a spin valve.