Researchers say that ferrimagnets-based spintronics devices could be faster than ferromagnets ones

Researchers from MIT, the Max-Born Institute, Technische Universität Berlin and the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) say ferrimagnets-based spintronics devices could be faster than ferromagnets ones.

Pt/Co44Gd56 ferrimagnetic schematic

Ferromagnets are traditional magnets - such as iron. Ferrimagnets are materials that have two types of ions with magnetic moments that are not equal - and are also polarized in opposite directions.Using these two ion types could be used, according to the researchers, to create smaller bits in magnetic memory as these will allow faster domain wall dynamics to occur.

Iron Oxide was found to be a promising magnon spintronics material

Researchers from the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, in cooperation with Utrecht University and the Center for Quantum Spintronics (QuSpin) at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), demonstrated that the antiferromagnetic material iron oxide is a promising magnon spintronics material.

An electrical current in a platinum wire creates a magnetic wave in the antiferromagnetic iron oxide

Iron oxide is a cheap material (it is the main material in rusted iron) that was shown to be able to carry magnon over long distances, with low access heat. For their demonstration, the researchers used used platinum wires on top of the insulating iron oxide. An electric current was introduced which led to the creation of magnons in the iron oxide.